Chronic Disease Prevention through Dieting

Dieting and physical activity play a crucial role in promoting a healthy life with numerous studies supporting the notion that lower weight and better physical shape can reduce the risk factors for a number of diseases. Diets high in processed sugars, carbs and fat are detrimental for various reasons while fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean meats are beneficial.

It is now universally accepted that physical activity is an important of nutritional health with most recommendations approximating at least 200 minutes of moderate exercise per week as appropriate. Fitness helps in optimizing metabolism and better weight management and cuts the risk for a number of chronic and degenerative diseases.

The major chronic and degenerative diseases take a toll not just on individuals’ quality of life but are a burden to health care systems across the world. Initiatives to tackle these preventable diseases can go a long way in enhancing productivity while freeing up much-needed resources. Some of the common conditions that can be fought through dieting include the following.

Disease-preventing Foods and Obesity: there is a growing gap between calorie intake and calorie burning as the world has settled into a sedentary and fast food culture with meals high in sugar, carbs and fat. Obesity as an illness can be tackled by limiting fatty foods and drinks and foods with high sugar content while incorporating moderate exercise to daily routines at a personal level. These simple changes can have impressive results in prevention and a diet that promotes calorie limitation and physical activity should be effective chronic disease prevention.

Disease-preventing Foods and Type 2 diabetes: type 2 diabetes risk factors include obesity and lack of physical activity. In turn diabetes patients face a predisposition for cardiovascular disease, kidney problems, infections and stroke. Better weight management and regular exercise can steeply cut chances of developing diabetes and is also an effective intervention.

Dietary Choices and Cardiovascular illness: cardiovascular diseases kill more people globally than any other disease and the  by poor diets and lack of exercise. Cutting out saturated and trans fats and having more fruits and vegetables are some of the simple ways of reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. Excessive salt is also a concern as it causes hypertension which is tied to heart disease. Physical fitness and lower weight also help in keeping the heart and circulation system healthy.

Cancer: cancer deaths are on the rise in the developed and developing world with studies showing dietary choices play an important role in curbing the illness. Keeping a healthy weight, eating enough fruits and vegetables and reducing alcohol intake has been shown to aid in the prevention of cancers of the esophagus, colorectum, breast, kidney, oral cavity, stomach and endometrium. Research also suggests leading a physically active lifestyle can reduce the risk of colon, lung, breast and uterine cancer.

Osteoporosis and bone fractures: age-related conditions such as osteoporosis can be successfully managed through a combination of dieting and life routines. Increasing calcium and vitamin D can reduce incidences of bone fractures in the elderly. Routines like light exercises and stretches and exposure to the sun also strengthen muscles and bone.

Dietary Choice and Dental disease: dental health can be maintained through regular brushing of teeth and avoiding sugary foods and drinks. Acidic foods can also contribute to dental problems and should be taken with care.